Religion and art

Everything and anything about religion and art + Vatican
 
HomeHome  FAQFAQ  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  MemberlistMemberlist  UsergroupsUsergroups  Log inLog in  

Share | 
 

 San Clemente

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
AuthorMessage
Admin
Admin
avatar

Number of posts : 140
Registration date : 2007-07-13

PostSubject: San Clemente   Wed Oct 10, 2007 1:10 am

San Clemente is not one, but three churches constructed one above the other, resting on the remains of earlier Roman habitations.



This drawing shows three of the four levels of the San Clemnte complex: on the bottom is the titulus (itself built over a more ancient apartment house not shown),
in the middle the original church,
and on top the church commissioned by Paschal II.


Titulus Clemens
(Titular churches in early Rome were so-called after original title holders whose private homes had been used for Christian worship.)
This house was oiginally owned by Roman consul and martyr Titus Flavius Clemens who was one of the first among Roman nobility to convert to Christianity.

Church built here centuries later was named after Pope St. Clement I.


Mithraic temple from 2nd century A.D.

Mithraism, introduced to Rome during the time of Pompey (67 B.C.), became popular among the Roman legions in Asia Minor ad spread rapidly throughout the Empire, reaching its peak in the late second century, when even the Emperor Commodus converted. The cult was finally banned in the late fourth century.



What was probably the altar has a classical bas-relief portraying Mithra in his Phrygian cap, plagging his dagger into bull. The bull was thought to give birth to all living things, and Mithra, its slayer, was worshipped as a creative force.



picture above shows Mithraic schoolroom
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://vaticanart.forumotion.com
Boris

avatar

Number of posts : 158
Registration date : 2007-07-15

PostSubject: Ancient Rome , San Clemente   Thu Oct 11, 2007 1:38 am

Beautiful drawings, pictures and info. Thank you !

Too bad I only visited the upper Basilica . I was so taken by the beauty of that unique church, that I spent hours there and never made it to the lower levels. Shame on me !
But I'll be back ...

Must be wonderful to visit Rome with a person like you ,who knows what is talking about. I have a sister with your background and is always a treat to listen to her.
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Admin
Admin
avatar

Number of posts : 140
Registration date : 2007-07-13

PostSubject: Re: San Clemente   Thu Oct 11, 2007 4:54 pm

That's the problem with Rome. There's so much to see, that you'll miss something for sure. Smile
I went to see excavations. It is forbidden to make pictures there (of course), and I didn't remember much. Now when I am checking in my art books, I realize how much I missed myself. I was walking there, but I didn't know what to see and what was what. Next time I have to be prepared!
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://vaticanart.forumotion.com
Sponsored content




PostSubject: Re: San Clemente   

Back to top Go down
 
San Clemente
View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 1

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Religion and art :: Pictures from Rome :: Ancient Rome-
Jump to: